Coffee is what most of us drink to wake up and start the day energized; we drink it when we want to boost our mood and when we want to enjoy a relaxing chat. It’s the drink we most commonly choose when we want to take a break, so it’s no wonder there are so many types of coffee in the world.
If you want to know which types are the most popular ones on the planet, here’s a list:
1. Espresso (Short Black)
Espresso, or “short black”, is the basis of many other coffee drinks in the world, like a macchiato, cappuccino and cafe latte. It is also the type of coffee that has almost the highest amount of caffeine of all the coffee types. Still, it is served in very little cups, so you don’t get the same amount of caffeine as you would get in a regular coffee cup. It is so popular that there are even guides on how to make a perfect espresso shot. But, in short, espresso coffee is simply one shot of espresso in a small (espresso) cup.
2. Macchiato (Caffe macchiato)
This is an espresso coffee with added foamed milk. The Italian word “macchiato” means “spotted”, meaning there is a spot of milk in the coffee. There are two options here: short and long macchiato. A short macchiato is espresso coffee enriched with milk to ease the harsh taste of espresso. Of course, there are slightly different versions of short macchiato, depending on the barista who is making it. Still, the traditional way is to pour 1 shot of espresso in an espresso cup or a short glass, and then add a dollop of steamed milk and foam on top of it.
On the other hand, long macchiato consists of a double shot of espresso. This time, the coffee is poured into a tumbler glass or a cup, while the amount of steamed milk and foam is the same.
3. Long black coffee (Americano)
This type of coffee originated in Latin America in the 1970s. As it is combined with hot water, the name was derived from an insult for Americans who weren’t able to drink full espresso. So, this coffee consists of one shot of espresso and seven ounces of hot water. First, you fill a cup with two-thirds of hot water. Next, you extract one espresso shot over the water and that’s it. You just need to make sure that the portafilter is washed thoroughly because you could otherwise find grinds from the coffee grinder in your Americano.
4. Café Latte
Also simply called “latte”, this type of coffee is an espresso enriched with steamed milk and micro-foam. It is much sweeter than a regular espresso because of the steamed milk in it. However, the milk in this coffee isn’t frothed. The ratio of milk to coffee is 3:1, and the method is the following: Pour one espresso shot into a tumbler glass, then add the steamed milk. Lastly, add one centimetre of micro-foam on top of the milk. If you are in the USA, then it’s more likely the barista will serve you this coffee in a cup instead of a tumbler glass. Note: there are other similar but milder coffee drinks that include adding steaming micro-foam, like the flat white. If you know how to make flat white, then you also have the opportunity to create popular latte art.
5. Irish coffee
As you can guess, this coffee originated in Ireland in 1942 and is made of hot coffee, Irish whiskey and sugar. In other words, it’s a unique cocktail. The original coffee includes cream that’s not whipped, but you will probably come across the type with the whipped cream, too. The coffee used for it is cold-brewed. It’s poured in a cup until it’s half-full. The rest is filled with whiskey and topped with whipped cream.
6. Turkish coffee
Of course, this type of coffee originated in Turkey, but it’s also called “Bosnian coffee”. In short, it is unfiltered coffee that is a part of many traditions in Turkey. Fortune telling is one of them, where the coffee grounds sediments are used as a fortune telling signs. To make this coffee, you’ll need coffee powder, cardamom powder, water and some sugar. First, boil a cup of water and then add one tablespoon of coffee powder and only one-eighth of a teaspoon of cardamom powder. When the foam starts to form and rise, turn off the heat. Lastly, turn un the heat again and let the foam rise one more time. Pour the coffee in a coffee mug and enjoy!
This unique type was first made in Greece in the 19th century by accident by a Nestle’s worker in Thessaloniki. It popular all over Greece and you can literary find it in any Greek cafe. It is served chilled and consists of coffee powder, water, ice cubes and sugar. First, you add sugar and one teaspoon of coffee powder in a glass. Next, add half a cup of water and continue blending. Finally, add ice cubes and that’s it!
As you can see, the world of coffee is very diverse. There are so many versions and recipes that you could spend years tasting each one of them. Whatever your favorite type is, make sure you try others. And always make sure you have your favorite coffee within your reach.